On July 9, 1850, for the second time in ten years, an American Vice President took the oath of office to replace a president who had died in office. Millard Fillmore was a Whig politician from New York who had risen to prominence as a self-taught lawyer turned state legislator. As President, Filmore supported the package of legislation that became know as the Compromise of 1850, one of the last legislative initiatives to achieve a temporary truce in the escalating crisis over slavery in America. Fillmore was the last Whig president. He failed to win the nomination of his party for the 1852 election.